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Tuesday, March 15, 2011

Preschool Olympians and Ivy Leaguers?

Two extreme parenting stories are making the rounds this week (yes, even in the midst of the horrific, and ongoing, tragedy in Japan). I see them as part of the same trend-- what do you think?

1) Yesterday The New York Daily News ran a story with the attention-getting headline: "Manhattan mom sues $19k/yr. preschool for damaging 4-year-old daughter's Ivy league chances."  The short version of the story is that mother Nicole Imprescia is suing York Avenue Preschool for not properly preparing her daughter for the ERB exam-- needed for private school admissions in New York City-- and for having two-, three-, and four-year-olds sharing the same learning space.

The article has some great quotes like, "The court papers implied the school could have damaged Lucia's chances of getting into a top college, citing an article that identifies preschools as the first step to 'the Ivy League.'" While I hate to place blame, especially on parents, I'm pretty sure Ms. Imprescia is damaging her daughter's Ivy chances far more than York Avenue Preschool ever could.  I fear Ms. Imprescia would make Tiger Mom Amy Chua look positively domesticated.

My favorite quote is the following: "Fortunately, Imprescia's lawyer said, the tot's prospects aren't doomed. 'Lucia Imprescia, for the record, will get into an Ivy League school - York Avenue Preschool notwithstanding,' said Paulose, of the firm Koehler & Isaacs. 'The child is very smart and will do well in life.'" As if getting into an Ivy League school is the only way to do well in life?! On top of that, there is no way to know if fourteen years from now little Lucia will be in a position to apply to the eight schools that make up the Ivy League... But I'm glad this lawyer can guarantee her future.

Since I read this article yesterday it has been picked up by MSNBC, so expect to be hearing more on this case.

2) MSNBC ran another attention-getting parenting story-- this one about genetic testing to determine if children have genes that predispose them to particular athletic careers. I first read about these services several years ago in Tom Farrey's wonderful book Game OnSince Farrey's coverage, as the MSNC article shows, the tests have become more sophisticated, and more US-centric.  With a simple cheek swab and swipe of the credit card, parents can know if their child is predisposed to being a sprinter or marathoner.

One father is quoted in the article explaining his ten-year-old soccer-playing daughter's response to their discussion about the testing: "She told me, 'Well, Daddy, I just have to try harder'" if the results came back negative, Marston said." The article goes on, "But even at age 10, [Elizabeth] knows it will take more than genes to reach her goal of playing in the Olympics."

Of course, simply having a form of a gene is no guarantee of future success, which is why pediatricians, like Drs. Alison Brooks and Beth Tarini writing this month in JAMA, are opposed to these types of at-home testing kits.  Children should neither be forced into a particular sport because of a genetic predisposition, nor should they be directed away from a particular activity.

What's the connection between preschool lawsuits and genetic testing for child athletes? 

More than anything both stories illustrate the extreme parental anxiety that exists today, especially in upper-middle class communities. My research on competitive afterschool activities shows how parents connect elementary school performance to preparation for the college admissions process. Ms. Imprescia's focus on the Ivy League isn't extraordinary today-- what is extraordinary is her willingness to sue because of her assumption/entitlement/fervent desire for Lucia to end up at Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, or Penn.  High performance in athletics is a "way in" to these schools, and a way to earn scholarships at others, so the Marston family is also on to something.

But both stories also show parents hyper-focusing on extremely unrealistic goals for children. The likelihood of getting into Harvard, for example, is around 6% this year. Getting an NCAA scholarship? Lower. The Olympics? Lower still. You get the idea.  Setting up highly unlikely, and perhaps unrealistic, goals for children from a young age can be damaging. It can skew children's thoughts on success, and hence happiness. The reality is that even with talent and hard work luck plays a huge part in securing an Ivy League spot (speaking from experience here), getting a college athletic scholarship, or nabbing a gold medal at the Olympics in 2024.

Perhaps Ms. Imprescia has already sent away for her own genetic testing kit for little Lucia? In any event, let's hope she's also set up a therapy fund along with the college fund.


  1. it is a sad day when parents place such pressure on a child--did she take her to a therapist becasue she was not "potty" trained at 6 months!!! even worse is a lawyer would feel their was negligence on the part of the preschool but then again he is a lawyer!!

    I alsosuspect someday there will be genetic splicing at a huge cost to create a genius or super athelete in utereo.

    Dr.Leveyfriedman nails this problem right as the bottom line is parental desire for big bucks and greed while sacrificng their children.

  2. Dr. LF--

    It's hard to know what to make of the preschool case. The Ivy League thing is a headline-grabber, but the suit is about the school charging money for services and facilities it does not provide. If they promise ERB classes and do not provide them, or if they promise to separate children and they don't, then isn't it fraud regardless of the impact? Do you get the sense that the Ivy League thing is really that integral to the suit? What's your sense of these misrepresentation charges?

  3. The girl was withdrawn after only three weeks. So it's unclear that they wouldn't have taught the ERB classes eventually-- or when kids were and weren't separated.

    The mom seems especially upset that she couldn't get her tuition back, even though it was very clear it was non-refundable. I'm guessing that's what really led to the lawsuit (and likely some sort of personal issue with people at the school).

    Who knows if the lawyer came up with the Ivy hook to draw more attention to the case? I'm not a lawyer but I don't think the case has merit on any grounds.

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  6. The girl was withdrawn later than barely three weeks. So it's imprecise with the purpose of they wouldn't control trained the ERB classes eventually-- before while kids were and weren't separated.

    The mom seems especially upset with the purpose of she couldn't urge her tuition back, even though it was very sunny it was non-refundable. I'm guessing that's I beg your pardon? Really led to the claim (and likely certain sort of not public spring with introduce somebody to an area next to the school).

    Who knows if the lawyer came up with the Ivy hook to dead heat other attention to the set of circumstances? I'm not a lawyer but I don't think the set of circumstances has merit on some argument.

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